Some publications that reference the use of our products

If you have published a paper that references, or uses, one of our EMG systems or other products (KAD, MTD, C3D Software etc) then please tell us so that we can provide details about your work to other researchers.

Please notify us if you find typos, spelling errors, or believe that any of the following papers are listed incorrectly.

Mesbah S, Angeli CA, Keynton RS, El-baz A, Harkema SJ (2017): A novel approach for automatic visualization and activation detection of evoked potentials induced by epidural spinal cord stimulation in individuals with spinal cord injury. PLoS ONE12(10): e0185582.

R. Binkley-Vance, R.B. Davis, T. Fatianov, M.J. Mendelow, D.E. Westberry: Focal Dystonia: A Case Study. GCMAS 2017 Annual Conference.

Aisha Moore, Pouye Sedighian, Nicholas Gardiner, Vennila Krishnan, PT, Ph.D., Shadnaz Asgari, Ph.D: A Comparison of EMG Normalization Techniques in Gait Initiation and Perturbation Studies. GCMAS 2017 Annual Conference.

Kay Cerny1, PT, PhD, Janet Adams2, PT, DPT: Impulse and Muscle Activity of the Leading Limb During Backward and Lateral Lunges as Well as the Trailing Limb During Forward Lunge. GCMAS 2017 Annual Conference.

Filiz Ateş PhD, Kenton R. Kaufman, PhD, PE: Effect of Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy on Ankle Joint Stiffness. GCMAS 2017 Annual Conference.

Swati Chopra PT, PhD, Michael Taunton MD, Kenton Kaufman PhD: Muscle Activation Pattern during Gait and Stair Activities following Total Hip Arthroplasty with a Direct Anterior Approach: a Comprehensive Case Study. GCMAS 2017 Annual Conference.

S. Õunpuu, J. Rodriguez-MacClintic and K. Pierz: Therapies and Bracing for the Treatment of Crouch Gait in CP: a Case Study. GCMAS 2017 Annual Conference.

G. J. Beneck, C. Hippensteel, J. Byers: The effects of lumbar rotational manipulation on gluteal muscle activation during functional activities in persons with chronic low back pain. APTA CSM 2017

M. T. Cibulka, A. Wenthe: EMG Activity of the Medial and Lateral Gastrocnemius Muscle in Toe-in and Toe-out Foot Positions while Prone and Standing. APTA CSM 2017

Schwartz, M. H., Rozumalski, A. and Steele, K. M. (2016): Dynamic motor control is associated with treatment outcomes for children with cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol, 58: 1139–1145. doi:10.1111/dmcn.13126

Lisa C Jameson BS, Roy Davis PhD, Linda Wack BS, David Westberry MD: Are There Functional Changes in Gait While Using a Functional Electrical Stimulation Device? A Retrospectice Review. GCMAS 2016 Annual Conference.

Nancy Scullion PT, MPT, PCS, Haluk Altiok MD: Case Study: Comparison of Knee Kinematics During Independent Walking Using Non-Standard Ankle-Foot Orthotics Versus Barefoot Walking. GCMAS 2016 Annual Conference.

S Õunpuu, K Pierz, K Pogemiller, K Bell, E Garibay, G Acsadi: Objective Documentation of Gait Decline Over Time in a Child with Charcot-Marie-Tooth: A Case Study. GCMAS 2016 Annual Conference.

Haluk Altiok MD, Ann Flanagan, PT, PCS, Nancy Scullion PT, MPT, PCS, Mary Peer, PT, MPT, Sahar Hassani MS: Recovery to Baseline Following Single Event Multi-level Lower Extremitry Surgery: A Clincal Case Study. GCMAS 2016 Annual Conference.

T.W. Buster, J.M. Burnfield, S.L Irons, C.A. Nelson, L.H. Trejo, T.J Leutzinger: Pediatric Walking vs. Training on Prototype Motor-Assisted Elliptical: Kinematic and EMG Comparisons at Self-Selected Fast Speeds. GCMAS 2016 Annual Conference.

Janet Adams, Kay Cerny: Effects of Weightbearing Condition and Knee Position on Activation of the Soleus and M-Gastrocnemius Muscles During Maximal Voluntary Isometric Contraction (MVIC). GCMAS 2016 Annual Conference.

Emily Gerstle, Kevin Keenan, Kristen O'Connor, Steven Cobb: Lower Extremity Muscle Activity During Decent from Varying Step Heights. GCMAS 2016 Annual Conference.

Michael H. Schwartz, Adam Rozumalski, Katherine M. Steele: Dynamic motor control predicts treatment outcome for individuals with cerebral palsy. GCMAS 2015 Annual Conference.

Andrew P. Kraszewski, Mark Lenhoff, Sherry Backus, Howard Hillstrom: EMG Saturation: When can we ignore it? GCMAS 2015 Annual Conference.

Lisa Lighthall Haubert, Philip Requejo, Sara Mulroy: Shoulder joint kinematics and muscle activity during two different techniques of car transfer in persons with paraplegia: leading arm on drivers’ seat or steering wheel. GCMAS 2015 Annual Conference.

Kay Cerny and Janet Adams: Activation of Key Lower Limb Muscles During Exercises Commonly Prescribed for Persons with Triceps Surae Muscle Weakness. GCMAS 2015 Annual Conference.

Victoria L. Haggett, Harshvardhan Singh, Daniel G. Whitney, Christopher A. Knight, Freeman Miller, Kurt Manal, Christopher M. Modlesky: Muscle response to vibration in children with spastic cerebral palsy vs. typically developing children. GCMAS 2015 Annual Conference.

Rakesh Pilkar, Mathew Yarossi, and Karen J. Nolan: EMG of the tibialis anterior demonstrates a training effect after utilization of a foot drop stimulator. NeuroRehabilitation 35 (2014) 299-305

Sylvia Õunpuu, Kristan Pierz, Matthew Solomito and Jessica Woods: Anterior tibialis activity in recurrent clubfoot: considerations in stance phase supination deformity. GCMAS 2014 Annual Conference.

Shanette A. Go, Krista Coleman-Wood, and Kenton R. Kaufman: Quantitative diagnosis of task-specific lower extremity dystonia. GCMAS 2014 Annual Conference.

Sylvia Õunpuu, MSc,Kristan Pierz, MD and Katharine Bell, MS: Surgical decision-making and outcomes evaluation for a child with familial spastic paraplegia: a case study. GCMAS 2014 Annual Conference.

Victoria Haggett, Harshvardhan Singh, Daniel G. Whitney, Christopher A. Knight, Freeman Miller, Kurt Manal, Christopher M. Modlesky: Effect of high-frequency, low magnitude vibration on lower extremity muscle activity in children with spastic cerebral palsy. GCMAS 2014 Annual Conference.

Kristan Pierz MD, Sylvia Õunpuu MSc and Katharine Bell, MS: Surgical decision-making and outcomes for orthopaedic surgical intervention in clubfoot: a case study. GCMAS 2014 Annual Conference.

SylviaÕunpuu, MSc, Kristan Pierz, MDand Katharine Bell, MS: Surgical decision-making and outcomes evaluation for a child with cerebral palsy: a case study. GCMAS 2014 Annual Conference.

Annalisa Na, Stephen M. Suydam, Kurt Manal, and Thomas S. Buchanan: To Co-activate or Not To Co-activate: An Assessment of Various Gait Patterns. GCMAS 2014 Annual Conference.

Sylvia Õunpuu, Kristan Pierz, Matthew Solomito and Jessica Woods: Transverse plane characteristics in recurrent clubfoot: gait analysis findings that improve understanding of foot progression. GCMAS 2014 Annual Conference.

Kristan Pierz, Sylvia Õunpuu, Matthew Solomito and Jessica Woods: Ankle sagittal plane characteristics in recurrent clubfoot: gait analysis findings that may influence decisions for additional surgery. GCMAS 2014 Annual Conference.

Katrin Schweizer, Jacqueline Romkes, Michael Coslovsky, Reinald Brunner: The influence of muscle strength on the gait profile score (GPS) across different patients. Gait & Posture 39 (2014) 80-85.

Dimitrios Katsavelis, Sam K. Morton, and A. Joseph Threlkeld: Within- and between-session reliability for the quantification of the thigh muscles co-activation index during isometric contractions. ASB 2013 Proceedings.

David B. Lipps, Emma Baillargeon, Thomas G. Sandercock and Eric J. Perreault: The passive contributions of the vastus medialis and vastus lateralis to knee extension and hip flexion. ASB 2013 Proceedings.

Kurt Manal, Emily Gardinier, Lynn Snyder-Mackler and Thomas Buchanan: An alternate predictor of peak medial compartment loading: The product of peak knee extensor and abductor moments. ASB 2013 Proceedings.

Philip Requejo, Sara, Mulroy, Lisa Lighthall Haubert, Somboon Maneekobkonwong, Puja Ruparel, Carmen Muller-Karger, Jill McNitt-Grey: Biomechanics of independent car transfer and wheelchair loading in manual wheelchair users with SCI. ASB 2013 Proceedings.

Yoong Ping Lim, Yi-Chung Lin, Marcus G. Pandy: Muscle function during Gait is invarient to age when walking speed is controlled. Gait and Posture 38 (2013) 253-259.

A.E. Knuppe, N.A. Bishop, A.J. Clark, G.J Alderlink, K.M Barr, A.L. Miller: Prolonged swing phase rectus femoris activity is not associated with stiff-knee gait in children with cerebral palsey: A retrospectiv study of 407 limbs. Gait and Posture 37 (2013) p345-348.

Saavedra S, van Donkelaar P., Woollacott M H: Learning about gravity: segmental assessment of upright control as infants develop independent sitting. J Neurophysiology (2012) 108:2215-2229.

Rajiv Ranganathan, Chandramouli Krishnan: Extracting synergies in gait: Using EMG variability to evaluate control strategies. J Neurophysiology (2012).

Rakesh B. Pilkar, Member, IEEE, Mathew Yarossi and Gail Forrest, Member IEEE: Empirical Mode Decomposition as a tool to Remove the Function Electrical Stimulation Artifact from Surface Electromyograms. Preliminary Investigation. 34th Annual International Conferance of the IEEE EMBS San Diego, California. 28th August - 1 September, 2012

Oren Levin, Adriaan Van Nevel, Colin Malone, Sara Van Deun, Jacques Duysens, Filip Staes: Sway activity and muscle recruitment order during transition from double to single-leg stance in subjects with chronic ankle instability. Gait and Posture 36 (2012) p546-551.

Judith M. Burnfield, Yu Shu, Thad W. Buster, Adam P. Taylor, Michaela M. McBride, Megan E. Krause: Kinematic and electromyographic analyses of normal and device-assisted sit-to-stand transfers. Gait and Posture 36 (2012) p516-522).

Sylvia Õunpuu, MSc, Jennifer Rodriguez-MacClintic, PT, DPT, PCS, C/NDT, Peter DeLuca, MD: Using gait analysis for evaluation and treatment decision making for correction of cavo-varus deformity: A pre vs post case study. GCMAS 2012 Proceedings

Kat M. Steele1, Ajay Seth, Michael Schwartz, and Scott Delp: How do muscle contributions to support and propulsion change during crouch gait? GCMAS 2012 Proceedings

Susan Harkema, Ph.D., Yury Gerasimenko, Ph.D, Jonathan Hodes, M.D., Joel Burdick, Ph.D., Claudia Angeli, Ph.D., Yangsheng Chen, Ph.D., Christie Ferreira, B.S., Andrea Willhite, B.S., Enrico Rejc, M.S., Robert G. Grossman, M.D., and V. Reggie Edgerton, Ph.D : Effect of Epidural stimulation of the lumbosacral spinal cord on voluntary movement, standing, and assisted stepping after motor complete paraplegia: a case study. Lancet. 2011 June 4; 377(9781): 1938–1947.

Chandramouli Krishnan, Yasin Dhaher: Corticospinal responses of quadriceps are abnormally coupled with hip adductors in chronic stroke survivors. Experimental Neurology 233 (2012) 400–407

Eric Desailly, Nejib Khouri, Philippe Sardain, Daniel Yepremain, Patrick Lacouture: Rectus femoris transfer and musculo-skeletal modeling: Effects of surgical treatment on gait and on rectus femoris kinematics. Gait and Posture 34 (2011) p519-523.

Trisha M. Kesar, Darcy S. Reisman, Ramu Perumal, Angela M. Jancosko, Jill S. Higginson, Katherine S. Rudolph, Stuart A. Binder-Macleod: Compined effects of fast treadmill walking and functional electrical stimulation on post-stroke gait. Gait & Posture 33 (2011) p309-313.

Laura A. Prosser, Christopher J. Stanley, Tracy L. Norman, Hyung S. Park, Diane L. Damiano: Comparison of elliptical training, stationary cycling, treadmill walking and overground walking. Electromyographic patterns. Gait & Posture 33 (2011) p244-250.

Ailish McDermott, Ciaran Bolger, Louise Keating, Linda McEvoy, Dara Meldrum: Reliability of three-diemsional gait analysis in cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Gait & Posture 32 (2010) p 552-558.

Wen-Hsing Chang, Pei-Fang Tang, Yao-Hung Wang, Kwan-Hung Wang, Kwan-Hwa Lin, Ming-Jang Chiu, Shen-Hsing Annabel Chen: Role of the premotor cortex in leg selection and anticipatory postural adjustments associated with a rapid stepping task in patients with stroke. Gait & Posture 32 (2010) p 487-493.

Thomas M.L. Shannon: Dynamic Surface Topography And Its Application To The Evaluation of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Doctoral Thesis submission, Oxford Brookes University. September 2010.

K. Mitchell Barr, Adam L. Miller, Krisanne Bothner Chapin: Surface electromyography does not accurately reflect rectus femoris activity during gait: Impact of speed and crouch on vasti-to-rectus crosstalk. Gait & Posture 32 (2010) p363-368.

R. Semple, D Rafferty, D. Turner, J. Woodburn: Reliability Characteristics of Tibialis Posterior EMG. School of Health, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow UK. i-FAB 2010.

Allison M. Brown, Becky A. Zifcheck, Mark W. Lenhoff, Howard J. Hillstrom: The Effects of a Run to Exertion on Gluteus Medius Fatigue. ACSM Annual Meeting, June 1-5, 2010.

R. Semple, D Rafferty, D. Turner, J. Woodburn: Reliability Characteristics of Tibialis Posterior EMG. I-FAB 2010 Proceedings.

Brian A. Knearr, Joseph Zeni, PhD, Jill S. Higginson, PhD: Comparison of Electromyographical and Joint Moment as Indicators of Co-contraction. 2nd Joint ESMAC/GCMAS Meeting, May 12-15, 2010.

Roy A. Wervey, Michael H. Shwartz, Johanna Dijkstal, Tom Novacheck: Analysis of Running, Kinematics and Electromyography in Typical Developing Children. 2nd Joint ESMAC/GCMAS Meeting, May 12-15, 2010.

Allison M. Brown, Becky A. Zifchock, Mark W. Lenhoff, Howard J. Hillstrom: The Effects of Exertion on Gleteus Medius Fatigue in Female Runners with and without Iliotibial Band Syndrom. 2nd Joint ESMAC/GCMAS Meeting, May 12-15, 2010.

Varerie J. Eberly, Lisa Haubert, Patricia Pate, Sara J. Mulroy, Vance C Eberly, Jacquelin Perry: Gait Analysis with Dynamic EMG for Surgical Planning for a person With a Truamatic Brain Injury: A Case Study. 2nd Joint ESMAC/GCMAS Meeting, May 12-15, 2010.

Diane M Serfling, Brent Goodman, Jasper R. Daube, Kenton Kaufman: Gait Analysis with Dynamic EMG - Can it assist in the diagnosis of Runner's Dystonia? 2nd Joint ESMAC/GCMAS Meeting, May 12-15, 2010.

Valerie J. Eberly, Sara j. Mulroy, Vance C. Eberly, Jacquelin Perry: Gait Analysis with Dynamic EMG for Surgical Decision-Making with a Patient Post-Polio: A Case Study. 2nd Joint ESMAC/GCMAS Meeting, May 12-15, 2010.

Prosser LA, Stanley CJ, Norman T, Park HS, Damiano DL: Electromyographical comparison of overground walking, stationary cycling and elliptical stepping. 2nd Joint ESMAC/GCMAS Meeting, May 12-15, 2010.

Virginia Little, Theresa McGuirk, Elisa Gonzalez-Rothi, Kelly Westlake, Carolynn Patten: More is Not Always Better. Adaptions in Muscle Activation Patterns During Overground Gait Following Locomotor Training. Neural Control of Movement 20th Annual Meeting, April 20-25th 2010.

Carolynn Patten, Theresa McGuirk, Christopher Robertson, Elisa Gonzalez-Rothi, Virgina Little: A Quantitative EMG Approach to Identify Subject-Specific Parameters of Enhanced Bilateral Locomotor Output Post-Stroke. Neural Control of Movement 20th Annual Meeting, April 20-25th 2010.

Shilpa Patil, Carolynn Patten, Ilse Jonkers: Functionally Specific Changes in Muscle Coordination During Overground Gait After Therapeutic Intervention Post-Stroke. Neural Control of Movement 20th Annual Meeting, April 20-25th 2010.

Manuela Corti, Carolynn Patten: Power Training Enhances Elbow Stretch Reflex Modulation Post-Stroke. Neural Control of Movement 20th Annual Meeting, April 20-25th 2010.

Judith M. Burnfield, Yu Shu, Thad Buster, Adam Taylor: Similarity of Joint Kinematics and Muscle Demands Between Elliptical Training and Walking: Implications for Practice. Physical Therapy (2010), Vol 90, Number 2, p289-305.

Richard T. Lauer, Samuel R. Pierce, Carole A. Tucker, Mary F. Barbe, Laura A Prosser: Age and electromyographic frequency alterations during walking in children with cerebral palsy. Gait & Posture 31 (2010) p136-139.

Rábago, C. A., Lancaster, J. L., Narayana, S., Zhang, W., & Fox, P. T.: Automated-parameterization of the motor evoked potential and cortical silent period induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation. Clinical Neurophysiology, 120(8), 1577-1587 (2009).

Sandy Saavedra, MS, PT, Marjorie Woollacott, PhD: Contributions of Spinal Segments to Trunk Postural Control During Typical Development. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, September 2009, Vol 51 Supplement 5 p82.

Sandy Saavedra, MS, PT, Marjorie Woollacott, PhD: Spinal Control in Children with Cerebral Palsy(CP): Evidence for Specific Segmental Deficits.Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, September 2009, Vol 51 Supplement 5 p81.

Mark L. McMulkin, Andi B. Gordon: The effect of static standing posture on dynamic walking kinematics: Comparison of a thigh wand versus a patella marker. Gait and Posture 30 (2009) 375-378.

Chandramouli Krishnan and Glenn N. Williams: Sex Differences in Quadriceps and Hamstrings EMG–Moment Relationships. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 2009

Chandramouli Krishnan, Glenn N. Williams: Variability in Antagonist Muscle Activity and Peak Torque during Isometric Knee Strength Testing. The Iowa Orthopaedic Journal, Vol 29, p149.

Sara J. Farquhar, Kenton R. Kaufman, Lynn Snyder-Mackler: Sit-to-Stand 3 months after unilateral total knee arthroplasty: Comparison of self-selected and constrained conditions. Gait and Posture 30 (August 2009, 187-191)

Chandramouli Krishnan, Glenn N. Williams: Hamstrings Activity during Knee Extensor Strength Testing: Effects of Burst Superimposition. The Iowa Orthopaedic Journal, Vol 28, p26.

Nitin Moholkar, Venkata K. Gade, Jerome Allen, W. Thomas Edwards: Initial electro-mechanics response to rearward pertubation. Gait and Posture 29 (June 2009, 650-653).

Lebiedowska MK, Fisk JR: Knee resistance during passive stretch in patientswith hypertonia. Journal of Neuroscience Methods (2009)

Brian Schulz, Syephanie Hart-Hughes: A Comparison of Four Methods of Ground Contact Detection for Normal and Simulated Pathological Gait. GCMAS, 14th Annual Meeting, 2009 (369-370).

Sylvia Õunpuu, Melany Westwell, Janet Zahradnik: Gait Analysis for Treatment Decision-making in Persons with Multiple Sclerosis: A Case Study Using Kinematics, Kinetics and Electromyography. GCMAS, 14th Annual Meeting, 2009 (338-339).

Alexander R. Razzook, Diane L. Damiano, Christopher J. Stanley: How do Errors Propagate in Helen Hayes and 6DoF Models of Gait? GCMAS, 14th Annual Meeting, 2009 (317-318).

Sara J. Mulroy, Jacquelin Perry, Vance C. Eberly, Lisa Haubert, Valerie J. Eberly: Gait Analysis for Conservative/Surgical Treatment Planning in an Adult with Traumatic Brain Injury and Orthopaedic Complications : A Case Study. GCMAS, 14th Annual Meeting, 2009 (299-230).

Thad W. Buster, Amy J. Goldman, Laura M. Corbridge, Yu Shu, Judith Burnfield: Partial Body Weight Support Treadmill Training: Clinician's Upper Extremity Muscle Activation During Facilitation of Hemiparetic Limb Movement. GCMAS, 14th Annual Meeting, 2009 (258-259).

Diane M. Serfling, Alexander W. Hooke, Kathie A. Bernhardt, Kenton R. Kaufman: Comparison of Techniques for Finding the Knee Joint Center. GCMAS, 14th Annual Meeting, 2009 (230-231).

Wong P, Callewaert B, Labey L, Leardini A, Desloovere K: The Effect of Medial Markers on Knee Kinematics Measurements form Plug-in-Gait. GCMAS, 14th Annual Meeting, 2009 (226-227).

Chu Jui Chen, Li-Shan Chou: Electromyography is better in Quantifying Muscular Demands than Joint Moments when Co-Contraction Exists. GCMAS, 14th Annual Meeting, 2009 (170-171).

Barr KM, Miller AL, Chapin KB: Surface EMG Does Not Accurately Reflect Rectus Femoris Activity Throughout the Gait Cycle: The Influence of Vasti Crosstalk in Multiple Gait Conditions. GCMAS, 14th Annual Meeting, 2009 (168-169).

Steven H. Collins, Peter G Adamczyk, Daniel P. Ferris, Arther D. Kuo: A simple method for calibrating force plates and force treadmills using an instrumented pole. Gait and Posture 29, Issue 1, January 2009

Chandramouli Krishnan, Kellen Huston, Annunziato Amendola, Glenn N. Williams: Quadriceps and HamstringsMuscle Control in Athletic Males and Females. Journal of Orthopaedic Research June 2008

J.N.A.L. Leijnse, N. H. Campbell-Kyureghyan, D. Spektor, and P. M. Quesada: Assessment of Individual Finger Muscle Activity in the Extensor Digitorum Communis by Surface EMG. J Neurophysiol 100: 3225–3235, 2008.

Therese E. Johnston, Ann E. Barr, Samuel C.K. Lee: Biomechanics of recumbent cycling in adolescents with cerebral palsy with and without use of a fixed shank guide. Gait and Posture 27, Issue 4, May 2008

Craig D. Tokuno, S Jayne Garland, Mark G. Carpenter, Alf Thorstensson and Andrew G. Cresswell: Sway-dependent modulation of the triceps surae H-reflex during standing. J Appl Physiol 104: 1359-1365, March 2008

J.N.A.L. Leijnse, S. Carter, A. Gupta, and S. McCabe: Anatomic Basis for Individuated Surface EMG and Homogeneous Electrostimulation With Neuroprostheses of the Extensor Digitorum Communis. J Neurophysiol 100: 64–75, 2008.

Arvind Ramanujam, Gail F Forrest, Sue Ann Sisto: Methodological variability in evaluating gait dynamics: A comparative study. GCMAS, 13th Annual Meeting, 2008. (278-279)

Melany WestWell, Sylvia Õunpuu, Katherine Bell: Abnormal Electromyographic Signals in the Adult Cerebral Palsy Population. GCMAS, 13th Annual Meeting, 2008. (258-259)

Daniel P Tomlinson, Bavornrat Vanadurongwan, Frank Henn, Sherry I Bacus, Mark Lenhoff, Eric Chehab, Ronald S. Adler, Howard J. Hillstrom, Frank A. Cordasco: A Spectral Analysis of Healthy Rotator Cuff Musculature Electromyographic Activity: Surface and Fine Wire. GCMAS, 13th Annual Meeting, 2008. (256-257)

Kevin M. Cooney, Dustin A Bruening, Frank, L Buczek, James O Saunders: The Relationship Between Peak Isometrics Quadriceps Torque and Knee Flexion Angles during Crouch Gait. GCMAS, 13th Annual Meeting, 2008. (228-229)

Glen Baird, MD., Mark McMulkin, PhD., Andi Gordon, MPT: Posterior Tibialis EMG for a Patient with a Closed Head Injury for Treatment Planning. GCMAS, 13th Annual Meeting, 2008. (184-185)

M.S. Wong, C.Y. Cheng, B.K.W Ng, T.P.Lam, S.W.Sin, L.F. Lee-Shum, H.K. Chow, Y.P. Tam: The effect of rigid versus flexible spinal orthosis on the gait pattern of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Gait and Posture 27 (2008) 189-195

Christopher A. Zaino, Sarah Westcott McCoy: Reliability and comparison of electromyographic and kinetic measurements during a standing reach task in children with and without cerebral palsy. Gait and Posture 27 (2008) 128-137

Richard T Lauer, Carrie A Stackhouse, Patricia A Shewolis, Brian T Smith, Carole Tucker, James McCarthy: A time-frequency based electromyography analysis technique for use in cerebral palsy. Gait and Posture 26 (2007) pp 420-427

Sofia Heintz, Elena M Gutierrez-Farewik: Static optimization of muscle forces during gait in comparison to EMG-to-force processing approach. Gait and Posture 26 (2007) 279-288

A. J. Thexton, A. W. Crompton, and R. Z. German: Electromyographic activity during the reflex pharyngeal swallow in the pig: Doty and Bosma (1956) revisited. J Appl Physiol 102: 587-600, 2007.

Therese E Johnston, Ann E Barr and Samuel CK Lee: Biomechanics of Submaximal Recumbent Cycling in Adolescents With and Without Cerebral Palsy. Physical Therapy 2007;87:572.

Vijaya Krishnamoorthy, John P Scholz, and Mark L Latash: The use of flexible arm muscle synergies to perform an isometric stabilization task. Clin Neurophysiol. 2007 March; 118(3): 525–537.

C. Patten, J.P. Jaramillo, A.P. Grogan, J.K. Teraoka, G. Chen: Locomotor training speed influences lower extremity motor activation in clinically motor complete spinal cord injury. ISPGR 18th, Burlington, VT 2007.

Johnston, Therese E, Barr, Ann E, Lee, Samuel CK: Biomechanics of Submaximal Recumbent Cycling in Adolescents With and Without Cerebral Palsy. PHYS THER 2007 87: 572-585

Patrick Salviaa, Stéphane Sobczaka, Victor Sholukhaa,b, Véronique Feipela, Marcel Roozea and Serge Van Sint Jana: Knee kinematics Validation of a re-orientation technique of knee axis. Ninth International Symposium on the 3D analysis of Human Movement, June 28-30th, 2006.

Scott A Kimmel, Michael H Schwartz: A baseline of dynamic muscle function during gait. Gait and Posture 23 (2006) pp 211-221.

Antonio J. Salazar and Ricardo J. Bravo: Managing EMG signals for control strategies for a Multi-Functional Interface for Patients with Severe Motor Disabilities. ITAB-2006, 26-28 October 2006, Congress Center Du Lac, Ioannina

Colin S. Gregersen, M. L. Hull, Nils A. Hakansson: How Changing the Inversion/Eversion Foot Angle Affects the Nondriving Intersegmental Knee Moments and the Relative Activation of the Vastii Muscles in Cycling. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, June 2006, Volume 128, Issue 3, pp. 391-398

Michael G. Michlitsch, Susan A. Rethlefsen, Robert M. Kay: The Contributions of Anterior and Posterior Tibialis Dysfunction to Varus Foot Deformity in Patients with Cerebral Palsy. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (American). 2006;88:1764-1768.

Daniel E. Lieberman, David A. Raichlen, Herman Pontzer, Dennis M. Bramble, Elizabeth Cutright-Smith: The human gluteus maximus and its role in running. The Journal of Experimental Biology 209 (2006), 2143-2155

Kyla A. Russell, Riann M. Palmieri, Steven M. Zinder, Christopher D. Ingersoll: Sex Differences in Valgus Knee Angle During a Single-Leg Drop Jump. Journal of Athletic Training 2006;41(2):166–171

Brian E. Moyer: Slip and fall risks: pre-slip gait contributions and post-slip response effects. PhD Thesis, University of Pittsburgh 2006.

Wendy J. Hurd, Terese L. Chmielewski, Lynn Snyder-Mackler: Perturbation-enhanced neuromuscular training alters muscle activity in female athletes. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, Volume 14, Number 1 / January, 2006, Pages 60-69.

Scott, Allison C. MD; Scarborough, Nancy PT: The Use of Dynamic EMG in Predicting the Outcome of Split Posterior Tibial Tendon Transfers in Spastic Hemiplegia. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 26(6):777-780, November/December 2006.

S.S. Lee, K.Y Shin and Joung H. Mun: Development of a Preamplifier and a Wireless Surface EMG. IFMBE Proceedings WC 2006, Vol. 14, Seoul, Korea, 2006.

Anders Sandholm, Nicolas Pronost, and Daniel Thalmann: MotionLab: A Matlab toolbox for extracting and processing experimental motion capture data for neuromuscular simulations. Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Virtual Reality Laboratory

M. Haitham Shammaa, Hiromasa Suzuki, Katsuaki Kawachi: Accurate measurements for calculating Lifting Index of NIOSH Lifting Equation using Motion Capture Technology

Michael E. Hahn, Heng-Ju Lee, Li-Shan Chou: Increased muscular challenge in older adults during obstructed gait. Gait & Posture 22 (2005) pp 356-361.

Murat Bozkurt, Güneş Yavuzer, Ergin Tönük, Behzat Kentel: Dynamic function of the fibula. Gait analysis evaluation of three different parts of the shank after fibulectomy: proximal, middle and distal. Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Volume 125, Number 10 / December, 2005

Nils A. Hakansson, M. L. Hull: Functional Roles of the Leg Muscles When Pedaling in the Recumbent Versus the Upright Position. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, April 2005, Volume 127, Issue 2, pp. 301-310

Kate E. Webster, PhD, Joanne E. Wittwer, BAppSc(Phty), Jason O’Brien, FRCS(C) and Julian A. Feller, FRACS: Gait Patterns After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Are Related to Graft Type. The American Journal of Sports Medicine 33:247-254 (2005)

Armanda Stéphane, Mercier Moise, Watelain Eric, Patte Karine, Pelissier Jacques, Rivier François: A comparison of gait in spinal muscular atrophy, type II and Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Gait and Posture 21 (2005) 369–378

Michael E. Hahn, Heng-Ju Lee, Li-Shan Chou: Increased muscular challenge in older adults during obstructed gait. Gait & Posture 22 (2005) 356–361

J. C. Waite, D. J. Beard, C. A. F. Dodd, D. W. Murray and H. S. Gill: In vivo kinematics of the ACL-deficient limb during running and cutting. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, Volume 13, Number 5 / July, 2005

Terese L Chmielewski, Wendy J Hurd, Katherine S Rudolph, Michael J Axe and Lynn Snyder-Mackler: Perturbation Training Improves Knee Kinematics and Reduces Muscle Co-contraction After Complete Unilateral Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture. Physical Therapy Vol. 85, No. 8, August 2005, pp. 740-749.

Michael H. Schwartz, Joyce P. Trost, Roy A. Wervey. Measurement and management of errors in quantitive gait data. Gait and Posture 20 (2004), pp 196-203

Salazar, A.J.; De Castro, O.C.; Bravo, R.J: Novel approach for spastic hemiplegia classification through the use of support vector machines. Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2004. 26th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Volume 1, Issue , 1-5 Sept. 2004 pp 466-469 Vol.1

Kay, Robert M. MD, Rethlefsen, Susan A. PT, Kelly, John P. MD, Wren, Tishya A. L. PhD: Predictive Value of the Duncan-Ely Test in Distal Rectus Femoris Transfer. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 24(1):59-62, January/February 2004.

B. D. Jackson, A. J. Teichtahl1, M. E. Morris1, A. E. Wluka, S. R. Davis2 and F. M. Cicuttini: The effect of the knee adduction moment on tibial cartilage volume and bone size in healthy women. Rheumatology 2004; 43: 311-314.

Cheng PT, Chen CL, Wang CM, Hong WH: Leg muscle activation patterns of sit-to-stand movement in stroke patients. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2004;83:10-16.

Maria K. Lebiedowska, PhD, Deborah Gaebler-Spira, MD, Richard S. Burns, MD, PhD, John R. Fisk, MD: Biomechanic Characteristics of Patients With Spastic and Dystonic Hypertonia in Cerebral Palsy. Arch Phys Med Rehabil Vol 85, June 2004.

Dennis M. Bramble, Daniel E. Lieberman: Endurance running and the evolution of Homo. NATURE, Vol 432, 18 November 2004

Susanne M. Morton, Amy J. Bastian: Prism Adaptation During Walking Generalizes to Reaching and Requires the Cerebellum. J Neurophysiol 92: 2497-2509, 2004.

Daniel E. Lieberman, Gail E. Krovitz, Franklin W. Yates, Maureen Devlin, Marisa St. Claire: Effects of food processing on masticatory strain and craniofacial growth in a retrognathic face. Journal of Human Evolution 46 (2004) 655–677

Heng-Ju Lee, Michael E. Hahn, Sentaro Koshida and Li-Shan Chou: Identifying muscular challenge during locomotion in the elderly: An EMG study. American Society of Biomechanics (2003)

John P. Holden, W. Scott Selbie, Steven J. Stanhope: A proposed test to support the clinical movement analysis laboratory accreditation process. Gait and Posture 17 (2003) 205-213

Halliday S, Zavatsky A, Hase K: Forces in the lower limbs during ergometer rowing. American Society of Biomechanics (2003)

Myers, K.A.; McGuire, J.R.; Long, J.T.; Harris, G.F: Biomechanical study and objective evaluation of muscle co-contraction following chemodenervation. Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2003. Proceedings of the 25th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Volume 2, Issue , 17-21 Sept. 2003 Page(s): 1815 - 1818 Vol.2

Sabine M. Verschueren, Stephan P. Swinnen, Kaat Desloovere, Jacques Duysens: Effects of tendon vibration on the spatiotemporal characteristics of human locomotion. Experimental Brain Research, Issue Volume 143, Number 2 / March, 2002, pp 231-239

Yngve, David A. M.D., Scarborough, Nancy P.T., Goode, Barry M.S., Haynes, Richard M.D: Rectus and Hamstring Surgery in Cerebral Palsy: A Gait Analysis Study of Results by Functional Ambulation Level. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 22(5):672-676, September/October 2002.

S. J. Stanhope: Technical and methodological issues in clinical gait analysis. Gait and Posture 16 Supp 1, S185 September 2002.

P. Filipetti, E. Kolanowski, B. Barbedette, S. Palumbo, P. Menei, P. Decq: Selective and peripheral partial neurotomy in crouch gait - first results. Gait and Posture 16 Supp 1, S122 September 2002.

J.A. Stebbins, M.E. Harrington, N. Thompson, T.N. Theologis: Split tibialis anterior transfer and flexors lengthening guided by dynamic electromyography. Gait and Posture 16 Supp 1, S122 September 2002.

Dorociak, Robin: A comparison of normal kinematics for vicon clinical manager and plug in gait. Gait and Posture 16 Supp 1, S102 September 2002.

Talaty, Mukul, Esquenazi, Alberto, Seliktar, Rahamim: Assessment of compensation response and synergy in braced walking. Gait and Posture 16 Supp 1, S99 September 2002.

Hebert. David, Gortom, George: Effect of pelvic depth and pelvic width measurements on hip kinematics and Kinetics. Gait and Posture 16 Supp 1, S97 September 2002.

Schwartz, Miachael, Rozumalski, Adam: Kinematically constrained joint parameters II: lower extremity motions. Gait and Posture 16 Supp 1, S63 September 2002.

Lewek M.; Rudolph K.; Axe M.; Snyder-Mackler: The effect of insufficient quadriceps strength on gait after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Clinical Biomechanics, Volume 17, Number 1, January 2002 , pp. 56-63(8)

Bryan T. Kelly, MD, Sherry I. Backus, PT, Russell F. Warren, MD and Riley J. Williams, MD: Electromyographic Analysis and Phase Definition of the Overhead Football Throw. The American Journal of Sports Medicine 30:837-844 (2002).

Tara M. Ruttley, Paul E. Colosky, Jr., Susan P. James: A Gravity-Independent Constant Force Resistive Exercise Unit. BIOMED 2001 - TP01BIOMED15.

Policy, James F. M.D, Torburn, Leslie M.S., P.T., Rinsky, Lawrence A. M.D., Rose, Jessica Ph.D: Electromyographic Test to Differentiate Mild Diplegic Cerebral Palsy and Idiopathic Toe-Walking. Neuromuscular Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 21(6):784-789, November/December 2001.

Van Bogart, J.; McGuire, J.; Harris, G.F: Upper extremity motion assessment in adult ischemic stroke patients: a 3-D kinematic model. Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2001. Proceedings of the 23rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Volume 2, Issue , 2001 Page(s): 1190 - 1192 vol.2

Sue Ann Sisto, Ph.D., P.T.: The Human Performance and Movement Analysis Laboratory: Investigating Novel Ways of Overcoming Disability. KMRREC Innovations/Summer 2001

Wen-Lan Wu, Fong-Chin Su, Yuh-Min Cheng, Pen-Ju Huang, You-Li Chou, Cheng-Kuo Chou: Gait analysis after ankle arthrodesis. Gait and Posture 11 (2000) pp 54-61.

Chii-Jeng Lin, Lan-Yuen Guo, Fong-Chin Su, You-Li Chou, Rong-Ju Cherng: Common abnormal kinetic patterns of the knee in gait in spastic diplegia of cerebral palsy. Gait and Posture 11 (2000), pp224-232.

Robin D. Dorociak, Molly P. Nichols, Michael S. Orendurff: A comparison of knee alignment device and dynakad thigh rotation offsets. GCMAS 5, April 12-15, 2000.

David A. Herbert, George E. Gorton: Comparison of static processing methods in vicon clinical manager. GCMAS 5, April 12-15, 2000.

Maria Lebiedowska, John F. Fisk: Quantifying spasticity in patients with stiff-knee gait. GCMAS 5, April 12-15, 2000.

G. Harris, J. Klein, D Janisse, C. Ped, D. Brown, Y. Shu, J. Wertsch: Effect of rocker-soles on lower extremity dynamic EMG patterns. GCMAS 5, April 12-15, 2000.

Olfat Mohamed, Kay Cerny: The effect of the on-track patellofemoral brace on the EMG activity of the vastus medialis obique and vastus lateralis muscles. GCMAS 5, April 12-15, 2000.

Gabriel D. A, Matsumoto J. Y, Davis D. H, Currier, B. L, An K-N, Ph.D: Cervical polar force and Electromyographic activity. American Society of Biomechanics (1999)

Schwartz, M: Determination of kinematically consistent joint centers from segment orientations. Proceedings of the First Joint Volume 1, Issue , 1999 Page(s):524 vol.1

Steven Irby, Kenton Kaufman PhD: Electromagnetic Interference Susceptibility of Electromagnetic Equipment. Presented at GCMAS 1999, Dallas, TX. Gait and Posture 9 (1999) pp 146.

Suzanne E Halliday, Lori A Karol: Who Benefits from a Rectus Transfer? Presented at GCMAS 1998, San Diego, CA. Gait and Posture 7 (1998) pp 181.

Caroline O'Keefe: Muscle Activation Patterns in the Trans Tibial Amputee. Monash Rehabilitation Technology Research Unit, 1998.

Park Bk, Song HR, Vankoski S, Moore C, Dias L: Gait Electromyography in Myelomeningocele at the Sacral Level. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 1997; 78: 471-5.

Ziad O. Abu-Faraj, Gautam Sampath, Peter A. Smith, Sahar Hassani, Gerald F. Harris: A Clinical System for Analysis of Pediatric Foot and Ankle Motion. Gait and Posture 5 (1997) pp 149.

Jenni Dabelstein, Anita Bagley: Kinematics, kinetics and EMG of toe-walking - Part I: Analysis of Toe-Walking in Normal Children Authors: Gait and Posture, Volume 5, Number 2, April 1997, pp. 156-156(1)

Sisto S.A, Redling J.D, Fransisco G.E, Horton J.A, Averill A, Andrews J.F, Engler P.E: The Impact of Gait Analysis on the Application of BOTOX Treatment for Spasticity Management: A Case Study. Gait and Posture, Volume 5, Number 2, April 1997, pp. 167-167(1)

S Õunpuu, P.A. DeLuca, K.J. Bell, R.B. Davis: Using surface electrodes for the evaluation of the rectus femoris, vastus medialis and vastus lateralis muscles in children with cerebral palsy. Gait and Posture, Volume 5, June 1997, pp. 211-216.

Karol Lori A. M.D, Concha M Cecilia B.S., Johnston, Charles E. II M.D: Gait Analysis and Muscle Strength in Children with Surgically Treated Clubfeet. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 17(6):790-795, November/December 1997.

Chen, J.-J.J., Nan-Ying Yu: The validity of stimulus-evoked EMG for studying muscle fatigue characteristics of paraplegic subjects during dynamic cycling movement. IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering, Volume 5, Issue 2, Jun 1997 Page(s):170 - 178

Susan Sienko Thomas, Carolyn Moore, Claudia Kelp-Lenane, Carolyn Norris: Simulated gait patterns: the resulting effects on gait parameters, dynamic electromyography, joint moments, and physiological cost index. Gait and Posture 4 (1996) pp 100-107

Michael J. Stuart, MD, Dwight A. Meglan, PhD, Gregory E. Lutz, MD, Eric S. Growney, Kai-Nan An, PhD: Comparison of Intersegmental Tibiofemoral Joint Forces and Muscle Activity During Various Closed Kinetic Chain Exercises. The American Journal of Sports Medicine 24:792-799 (1996)

Suzana G Da Costa, Sheila M Denucci: Study of the Brazilian population normal gait pattern: A preliminary work. Presented at NACGLC 1994 Portland OR, Gait and Posture 2 (1994), pp51.

Sylvia Õunpuu, Peter DeLuca, Kathy Bell, Roy Davis: The Evaluation of the Rectus Femoris, Vastus Medialis, and Vastus Lateralis activity in the swing phase of gait in persons with cerebral palsy. Presented at NACGLC 1994 Portland OR, Gait and Posture 2 (1994), pp51.

M. Wooten, F Cordasco, I Wolfe, J.C. Burns, D. Jacobs, L Bigliani: An electromyographic analysis of the shoulder during a medicine ball rehabilitation program. Presented at NACGLC 1994 Portland OR, Gait and Posture 2 (1994), pp52.

Steven Stanhope: A procedure for evaluating gait analysis system performance. Presented at NACGLC 1994 Portland OR, Gait and Posture 2 (1994), pp54.

Mary Weck, George A. Sisson, Wendy Prihoda, Stephen Vankoski, Claudia Kelp-Lenane, Carolyn Moore, Anton Weyers: The effect on gait of an anterior placement of the whole body center of mass. Presented at NACGLC 1994 Portland OR, Gait and Posture 2 (1994), pp56.

Randy Robbins, Nasreen Haideri, Marybeth Ezaki, Sachin Rao, Cecelia Concho: A preoperative planning strategy for the transfer of the long head of the tricep in pediatric patients with arthrogryposis. Presented at NACGLC 1994 Portland OR, Gait and Posture 2 (1994), pp 66.

Philip J. Motta, Robert E. Hueter, Timothy C. Tricas: An Electromyographic Analysis of the Biting Mechanism of the Lemon Shark, Negaprion brevirostris: Functional and Evolutionary Implications. Journal of Morphology 210:55-69 (1991)

A. Rozumalski, S. Sohrweide, M. Schwartz: Alternative methods for measuring tibial torsion. Gait & Posture, Volume 24, Pages S26-S28

A. Schache, R. Baker, L. Lamoreux: Defining the knee joint flexion–extension axis for purposes of quantitative gait analysis: An evaluation of methods. Gait & Posture, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 100-109

Thor F. Besier, David G. Lloyd, Jodie L. Cochrane, and Timothy R. Ackland: External loading of the knee joint during running and cutting maneuvers. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.

Mary W. Marzke,, N. Toth, K. Schick, S. Reece, B. Steinberg, K. Hunt, R. L. Linscheid, K-N. An: EMG study of hand muscle recruitment during hard hammer percussion manufacture of Oldowan tools. American Journal of Physical Anthropology Volume 105, Issue 3 , Pages 315 - 332

Stephane Armand, Eric Watelain, Emmanuel Rouxe, Moıse Mercier, Francois-Xavier Lepoutre: Linking clinical measurements and kinematic gait patterns of toe-walking using fuzzy decision trees. Gait and Posture

J. Smith, D. Padgett, D. Dahm, K. Kaufman, S. Harrington, D. Morrow, S. Irby: Electromyographic activity in the immobilized shoulder girdle musculature during contralateral upper limb movements. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, Volume 13, Issue 6, Pages 583-588

T.L. Chmielewski, W.J. Hurd and L. Snyder-Mackler: Elucidation of a potentially destabilizing control strategy in ACL deficient non-copers. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 83-92

Lorna Louise Ogden: Coordination of the lower extremity muscles during gait transitions. Thesis, Louisiana State University, Department of Kinesiology.

Mianfang Ruan: Maximize muscle mechanical output during the stretch-shortening cycle - the contribution of preactivation and stretch load. Dissertation, Louisiana State University, Department of Kinesiology.

C. D. Tokuno, M. G. Carpenter, A. Thorstensson, S. J. Garland, A. G. Cresswell: Control of the triceps surae during the postural sway of quiet standing. Acta Physiologica 191 (3), 229–236.

Wei-Li Hsu, MS, Vijaya Krishnamoorthy, PhD, John Peter Scholz, PhD: An alternative test of electromyographic normalization in patients. Muscle & Nerve Volume 33, Issue 2 , Pages 232 - 241

Sai K. Banala, Sunil K. Agrawal, Abbas Fattah, John Scholz, Vijaya Krishnamoorthy, Katherine Rudolph, Wei-Li Hsu: Gravity Balancing Leg Orthosis And Its Performance Evaluation. Department of Physical Therapy University of Delaware

Bryan T. Kelly MD, Riley J. Williams MD, Frank A. Cordasco MD, Sherry I. Backus MA, PT, James C. Otis PhD, Daniel E. Weiland MD, David W. Altchek MD, Edward V. Craig MD, Thomas L. Wickiewicz MD, and Russell F. Warren, MD: Differential patterns of muscle activation in patients with symptomatic and asymptomatic rotator cuff tears. J Shoulder Elbow Surg, Volume 14, Number 2

Joshua N. Edmison, Sookyoung Kim, Kevin Liu: Shape Sensing, Context Aware Garment - Wearable & Ubiquitous Computing. Student Project, Virginia Tech.

Gottfrid Linge: Presence in virtual environments with embodied autonomous agents. Master’s Thesis, Umea university, Department of Computing Science.

Erin Taylor, Scott Openshaw, Dr. Vassilios Vardaxis, Shane McClinton: Ergonomic Evaluation Pilot Study Between A Traditional and Reach™ Workstation Using Motion Analysis and Electromyography. AllSteel and Des Moines University’s Division of Physical Therapy.

Michelle J. Johnson, Xin Feng, Laura M. Johnson, Jack M. Winters: Potential of a Suite of Robot/Computer-Assisted Motivating Systems for Personalized, Home-Based, Stroke Rehabilitation. Student Project, Medical College of Wisconsin, Dept. of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation.